How Do I Keep My Turtle Water Clean?

Turtles have been among one of the most aquatic reptiles to watch because of their attractive color markings and calm personalities, causing no harm to humans. As fashion goes, turtles also make suitable interactive pets. Over the years, the household fashion of maintaining a domestic aquarium has been In vogue. Thus, it is not uncommon for people to pet turtles outside their natural habitat.

How Do I Keep My Turtle Water Clean?

Common red-eared sliders or aquatic turtles live up to a lifetime and saying that must be weirdly shocking but it’s true. Turtles defecate in the same water where they eat and swim. It implies if you do not keep the water clean, it will result to harbour waste products such as ammonia and nitrites that can build up to harmful and unbalanced water levels, risk the reptiles, and show up in cloudy and smelly water. Proper tank handling and selecting the best turtle filter are the two big parts of providing your little pet with a proper enclosure so that they can be grown to be a larger investment than you initially expected.

Some of the most important turtle housing choices that are to be considered healthy for aquatic turtles to be kept properly filtered and dechlorinated water, with the correct temperature, pH level, and salinity are –

Choosing the Right Tank:

Turtle keepers must be acquainted with the rule of the shell to determine how big a tank is required for the proper inhabitation of the reptile. The appropriate tank size is that for every inch of the carapace (upper shell) length, the tank must hold 10 gallons of water and that the turtles’ size shouldn’t exceed 25% of the floor surface area. The bigger the tank surface area is, the better it is for the turtles to breathe and swim because limiting space effects in their growth and overall health for sustenance. Overall, turtles can accelerate toxin accumulation by excretion and a properly sized tank can keep the water cleaner with time.

Choosing the Right Filter:

How Do I Keep My Turtle Water Clean?

Turtles can normally sustain in a saltwater habitat where they extract nutrients from algae and other sea plants for respiration. But a pet turtle is kept away from all that and requires good filtration so that it can sustain without hindrances and the water remains purified. Choosing the best turtle filter like a canister or over-the-side filter that can tackle chloramines as well as keep the ammonia in check with the method of biological filtration.


Changing waste harboured aquarium water or vacuuming it on a fixed basis can help in keeping up with the water purity levels and prevent from smelling pungent and looking dirty. Using a siphon type vacuum can help clean the water partially. Draining waste particles by sieving it off by a vacuum suction also counts as water change. Water change is required at least twice in a month and the best turtle filter will help to discharge the high nitrate levels that make the aquarium cloudy and smelly. Other areas include –

  1. Scooping out faeces or any leftover food from the water should be done daily. If you own a suction-hose, you can also easily drain and refill the water.
  2. In 2-3 weeks, you are ought to clean certain water percentage, scrub of the walls, rinse the water and refresh the filter that can get jacked off by disposal waste. Appearance is a priority and you would not like your aquarium to look like a waste disposal ground.
  3. You should prevent any kind of soap, bleach or detergent powders to clean the tank and should only use cleaners made especially for turtle tanks.
  4. Research on salinity levels and check on your aquarium using a hydrometer by including sea salt as some turtles require higher and lower levels of saline depth at different stages of development.
  5. Water temperature is to be checked for the turtles may die with more heat or more cold.

What to Keep in Mind Before Cleaning the Tank –

How Do I Keep My Turtle Water Clean?

You should never go for 100% water change regularly but for every one or two months. The first thing is if you have a substrate, you need a gravel cleaner to drain about the leftover waste from the tank. Some of the highlights are –

  • A dechlorinating liquid must be used to get rid of chlorine and chloramines from the water.
  • Friendly bacteria must be added to help lower the ammonia and nitrite levels from the water.
  • Before changing water, take the turtle(s) out of the tank and put them aside into a small container with food.
  • Before taking the water off, first put off the heater and the filter.
  • Scrapping off the algae from the aquarium glass using any magnetized algae scrapper.
  • Using a siphon to cycle the work out to a bucket on a lower level just to spot clean the bottom area of the tank where the detritus or mold is rotting.
  • Cleaning the filter at the same time should be done by not throwing off the filter media like its pad or sponge because it houses a lot of beneficial bacteria which ends up breaking down the waste in your turtle tank.
  • Prevent washing the filter in tap water but try to rinse it in tank water so that it doesn’t throw up the nitrogen cycle.
  • As water cloudiness is caused by bacterial bloom, choosing the right turtle filter can help with the water balance and cope with the gravel nutrients.

Bottom Line –

How often you should clean depends on the number of turtles and the food you provide. Thus, filtration is necessary to keep the alkaline water levels in check. Regular attention to replacing water is the key as turtles can shed salmonella in their faeces and that bacteria can contaminate shell diseases. Thus, it is mandatory to incorporate the right filter with clean discharging capacity to optimize the tank water for your reptile’s safety, health and happiness.

What Kind of Bedding Is Best for Snakes?

The snakes are one of the most admired pet while it comes to fostering the reptiles. Some snakes are somewhat convenient to be taken care of, such as corn snakes. Another kind of snakes requires utmost attention while at home, and they are difficult to handle, show a survey. It is great if the owner keeps the snake in a glass terrarium instead of a metallic or plastic. It would be much easier to communicate with the snake that way and will lead to a harmonious friendship between the two of you. They will be doubly impressed if you select the right bedding options for them. The cage of the snakes should be properly maintained and have a lid to prevent the snake from running away.

Different kinds of beddings are:

What Kind of Bedding Is Best for Snakes?

Newspaper bedding:

It is the easiest to get kind of bedding, and the chances of digging burrows also decrease. They are inexpensive, almost free, and hence it is the most widely used bedding for snakes. Bedding made from the newspapers is extremely convenient to change whenever any issue regarding feces and skin shedding arises.

Towel beddings:

These are the most absorbent kind of bedding chosen for the snakes at home. These beddings are easy to change, too, when you are cleaning the cage. But these should be cleaned from time to time as the towel can accumulate soil if not cleaned properly.

Aspen shavings:

The beddings that are made from softwood of aspen are the most preferred in the category of a little solid and warm bedding. These are softwoods, and the snakes can easily make burrows in them; hence these are mostly preferred by the snakes. It is liked by other pests like rats, rabbits, etc. These are the best corn snake substrate due to its soft texture. It contains the quality of controlling bad odor as well. These shavings can also come in green colors because some companies dye them green to provide a feeling of homeliness to the snakes. It might transfer its color onto the skin of the snakes.

Cypress mulch:

It is very comfortable bedding due to its tenderness, and it is basically loved by the snakes. Cypress is a little scented wood that allows refreshing of minds to the snakes. It is better for both types of burrowing as well as non-burrowing snakes. It can also be placed in the water enclosures having living plants in it. But the owners are advised to be careful because mites are easily grown in cypress shavings and are hard to eliminate. Thus it is suggested to bake the mulch for a minimum of half an hour in the microwave.

Coconut fiber:

It is suitable for the tiny snakes and provides them extreme comfort. It, too, comes with smell controlling features and known for holding moisture and humidity very well. It’s not required in coconut fiber substrate to change the whole bedding; you only need to add more of it as time passes.


The carpets are easy to clean, and they cannot bear moisture. It is good to keep a separate carpet so that when the first one is getting washed, then you can place the second one inside the cage. It is suitable for non-burrowing snakes due to its surface and texture.

The most unsuitable beddings for snakes are:

What Kind of Bedding Is Best for Snakes?

It is advised to not opt for some stuff that is supposed to be not enough good to be placed as snake bedding, and those are:

Sand bedding:

These are aesthetically pleasing due to its softness, and it increases the risk of the snake swallowing it. The sand bedding also messes up the whole place of home, and the sand particles might appear out from the cage that takes extra effort and time of the owner to get that cleaned.

Walnut shells:

The shells of walnut can be easily picked up and thrown away when needed. Therefore, these are convenient to change, but these are somewhat hard for the snake to feel comfortable in the shell beddings. These should be avoided for the same reason.

Suitable beddings for different snakes:

For corn snakes:

These snakes are found in the areas of North America and are known to be professional climbers. They love to do burrowing as well, and due to this reason, they prefer the bedding, which allows them to perform digging and burrowing. The best corn snake substrate is aspen wood shavings because these snakes are fluffy and absorbent. Cypress mulch is the second-best bedding for the corn snakes due to its moisture-holding capacity. Both of these beddings are excellent in terms of controlling bad odor from the cage of snakes. Another nice option for making the bedding for corn snakes is the carpet one and newspaper one. So if you are going for the newspaper one, then it is nice to firstly crumble it into pieces before placing them as bedding in the cage. It will help the snake to get under it and become playful as well.

For garter snakes:

These snakes generally live near water bodies like rivers, lakes, etc. therefore, they prefer to dwell in humid climatic conditions, especially in the times of their reproduction. Cypress mulch, coconut fiber, and aspen shavings are some of the great options for their beddings. Newspapers and towels are nice options for baby garters but not preferred for adults. Thee garter snakes are highly burrowing snakes, so it is advised to fill two to three inches of bedding in their cage. It is also suggested to place a bowl filled with water in the cage of a garter snake because these snakes love to live in humid and moist climates.

For ball python snakes:

These snakes are found in the regions of Africa, and newspaper bedding is known to be the best bedding for them. They discard the bedding themselves, and due to this, their enclosure is cleaned properly.

Final note:

It is good if you use chemical-free shavings for your snake to use as bedding as the species of your snake might have allergy from those toxins.